Home » Aviation » Top Stories 2017: Marine Corps and Coast Guard Acquisition


Top Stories 2017: Marine Corps and Coast Guard Acquisition

USNI News polled its writers, naval analysts and service members on what they consider the most important military and maritime stories in 2017.

The following is part of a series. Please also see Top Stories 2017: Navy AcquisitionInternational AcquisitionNavy OperationsMarine Corps Operations, International Operations and New Administration

Marine Aviation

An F-35B Lightning II short takeoff/vertical landing aircraft conducts test operations on the flight deck of amphibious assault ship USS America on Nov. 11, 2016. US Marine Corps Photo

The Marines have struggled in recent years to keep aging aircraft ready for operations and spent 2017 trying to get out of old metal and into next-generation aircraft.

The updated 2017 aviation plan outlines a transition plan where all Marine Expeditionary Unit deployments from the West Coast will use only the F-35B Joint Strike Fighter for fixed wing operations by the end of Fiscal Year 2019. The plan also outlines the idea of a “Lightning Carrier” amphibious assault ship that would be outfitted with only the F-35, hauling as many as 20 of the JSF Lightning II jets into battle if called upon to do so. And it describes an MV-22 Osprey fleet that not only has an aerial refueling upgrade fielded in FY 2018 but also an improved Harvest Hawk weapons and sensors payload to arm the V-22s.

The service also looked to speed up its procurement of F-35Bs, both to bring new technology to the fleet but also to help save money. With the massive readiness problems in the F/A-18 Hornet fleet and the expense of continuing to operate the old AV-8B Harriers, now-retired deputy commandant for aviation Lt. Gen. Jon Davis told lawmakers he could save a billion dollars in operations and maintenance funding if Congress helped the Marine Corps speed up F-35 acquisition between now and FY 2021. He also spoke of delaying the transition out of the Harrier to allow a speed-up of the transition out of the Hornets, and also of ceasing Marine Corps Reserve Hornet operations a few years earlier than planned, due to the extreme maintenance challenges associated with the legacy airplanes.

The F-35B saw a one-day flight suspension to fix a software problem with the Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS), but otherwise fielding and training efforts on the new jet progressed well this year. Lockheed Martin even pursued plans to further integrate its Joint Strike Fighter with its Aegis Combat System for cruisers and destroyers, hosting a tracking exercise this year and working towards a 2018 at-sea demonstration that connects the plane and ship in such a way that the ship could fire a missile and the F-35 would take over directing the missile towards its target beyond the sight of the ship.

For the first time, a CH-53K King Stallion performed a dual point external load and successfully demonstrated the auto-jettison capability of the aircraft, using a 5,000 lb. load. The test took place Dec. 5, 2017, at Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation’s Development Flight Center in West Palm Beach, Fla. Sikorsky photo.

On the rotary wing side of Marine Corps aviation, the CH-53K King Stallion heavy-lift helicopter in April passed its Milestone C review at the Pentagon and was approved to move into production. The Navy awarded Sikorsky a $340-million contract in August for the first two helos.

Surface Connectors

BAE Systems’ amphibious combat vehicle launches out the back of USS Somerset (LPD-25) in the first-ever launch and recovery test of ACVs. US Marine Corps photo.

Amphibious Combat Vehicle testing took place this year in multiple locations, testing the new surface connector in the water, in blast testing, on ground mobility courses and more. The service is testing vehicles from competitors BAE Systems and SAIC at the same time, with an eye towards a June 2018 downselect to a single builder. In June of this year the Marine Corps was able to launch and recover both ACV models from the back of an amphibious transport dock (LPD-17), proving that both competitors have greater capability than was required in this first ACV 1.1 competition and are already closing in on the the requirements expected in the follow-on ACV 1.2 acquisition.

Also in the surface connector portfolio, the Pentagon approved the Amphibious Assault Vehicle Survivability Upgrade (AAV SU) program for production in August. The Marine Corps immediately awarded contractor SAIC a low-rate initial production contract for 21 vehicles, after SAIC delivered 10 engineering and manufacturing development (EMD) vehicles last year that were successfully tested. The AAV SU program takes the legacy AAVs – some dating back to the 1970s – and gives them an improved engine and greater blast protection.

Command and Control

The G/ATOR radar on display during a rollout ceremony at Stoney Run on March 29, 2017. The rollout ceremony showcases the new G/ATOR radar that will replace 5 legacy systems. US Marine Corps photo.

The Marine Corps was on track to accept six Ground/Air Task Oriented Radar (G/ATOR) units in 2017 and run a slew of tests across the country for both Block 1 and 2 software packages. Block 1 includes air defense and surveillance missions, and G/ATORs with this capability were tested at Wallops Island, Va., early in the year before being sent to Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point in North Carolina for integration and testing with the Common Aviation Command and Control System (CAC2S) and the Composite Tracking Network (CTN). Initial operational capability is expected around February 2018.

G/ATOR Block 2 has a ground weapon tracking capability that was set to go through contractor testing and risk-reduction measures ahead of government developmental testing in the fall. IOC on Block 2 could come in late FY 2018.

Coast Guard Acquisition

An artist’s conception of Eastern Shipbuilding’s Offshore Patrol Cutter design.

Coast Guard Commandant Adm. Paul Zukunft told lawmakers in May that the Offshore Patrol Cutter is now his top acquisition priority, and that any efforts to continue the National Security Cutter ought not come at the expense of OPC. He noted that the ninth NSC that lawmakers chose to buy would be put to good use, as would a 10th if they pursued a continuation of the NSC production line – but “the Offshore Patrol Cutter is our number-one priority in recapitalizing our legacy fleet today,” he said.

In August the Coast Guard celebrated its birthday by announcing that the first 11 OPCs would be named after some of the earliest Revenue Cutter Service ships and some of the Coast Guard’s most famous ships: ActiveArgusDiligence, Vigilant, Pickering, Chase, Ingham, Rush, Icarus, Alert and Reliance.

A starboard view of the anchored US Coast Guard icebreaker POLAR STAR (WAGB 10).

The Coast Guard released its draft request for proposals for its heavy icebreaker in October. This move towards a new class of at least three heavy icebreakers comes after the Coast Guard declared in February it would not reactivate one of two heavy icebreakers that had been mothballed, because though the hull was in good shape, all the systems were obsolete and would be too expensive to update.

Polar Sea is now the parts donor for Polar Star,” assistant commandant for engineering and logistics Rear Adm. Bruce Baffer said.

  • Paul 2

    The OPC is a sharp looking ship.

    Aside/rant: It is powered by German engines (MAN). Which is due to the US not manufacturing any diesels of substance anymore. The reduction gear probably isn’t US made either. Isn’t our “service economy” so much fun? /rant

    • Paul 2

      I googled, it’s not reduction gear per se, it’s a CPP system: made by Rolls Royce. Nothing wrong with using the best. But I wish the best was more often US made.

    • DaSaint

      Thats not true. Caterpillar and Cummins are excellent marine diesels, on par with MAN. GE makes marine diesels, but not as good as the MAN or MTU sets.

      • Paul 2

        My understanding: Cat and Cummins do make great marine diesels. But Cat and Cummins are smaller, not as large as the MAN diesels WRT torque and HP. Cat and Cummins are wonderful engines for yachts and fishing vessels. There’s a reason they aren’t on larger government boats of any country.

        • DaSaint

          Paul, that’s just not true. Caterpillar engines are on large vessels, including FAC, OPVs and Frigates, as well as cargo ships. It depends on the series. Cats and MTU (now part of Rolls Royce) are often on coast guard and naval vessels worldwide. I’m sure you can check their websites or naval reference volumes for examples.

          Cummins are usually not found as main propulsion on larger than FAC, though many have been used as ships generators.

          • kye154

            I remember coming on board a ship,a long time ago. that had its old engine ripped out and a Cat installed. It was on board the USS Escape ARS-6. It was an OK engine, but noisy and it only could go at caterpillar speeds, and took forever getting across the Atlantic. I think I would have preferred to have had the MAN or the Rolls Royce engines, if only they were available to the navy then, and if the navy wasn’t so reluctant on refitting their ships properly .

          • DaSaint

            Cats, Cummins, and MTUs are often high-rev, relatively lightweight/high-horsepower engines. MAN and Colt-Pielstick have low and medium-speed diesels, better suited for low revolutions cruising as Paul is intimating. The German Navy, however, often uses MTUs, as does the UK Royal Navy, for their cruise engines when combined in a CODOG or CODAG arrangement.

            With the transition to all-electric ships, it is more likely that Caterpillar and Cummins will find more uses as generators contributing to the power grid of the ship, for which some will be used for propulsion. The National Security Cutter uses Three Caterpillar 3512B ship’s service diesel generators, but uses 2 MTU 20V 1163 diesel engines for cruising. Cat’s line currently only goes up to 16V.

          • kye154

            Thanks for the info.

          • DaSaint

            Np.

        • DaSaint

          Paul, checking Cat’s site again, I see that their largest engine only goes to 16V, and about 7500 bhp, so much less powerful than the MAN’s Eastern selected for the OPC.

    • Secundius

      I believe the MAN diesels were replaced with MTU diesels in 28 February 2017, after Rolls-Royce won the Engine Contract for the Propulsion System for the OPC’s…

  • kye154

    Here we go again, about the F-35. Seems like USNI has taken on the role as the sales agent for Lockheed again, by writing such rosy sales pitches about how the Marine Corps could use the F-35B, in light of the fact that the as late as December 8th, the Marine Times reported that the Marine Corps has an investigation faulted the F-35B program after in-flight fire. Quoting: “The Joint Strike Fighter Program Office should re-evaluate the risk severity of the faulty bracket design in order to prevent re-occurrence of an in-flight fire or the potential loss of an aircraft,” wrote the commander, whose name was redacted. (Wonder why? Can’t bad mouth Lockheed or the Marines bad decision for the F-35B acquisition?)… The Marine Corps’ investigation also criticized the aircraft’s pilot warning system, which can “be confusing and task saturating for pilots” during complex emergencies because there is no way of knowing which warning is the most serious, the investigation found. It also exposes what Lt. Jon Davis did not know about the F-35B, before the last time he went to congress almost a year ago, (February 16, 2017). How come USNI is saying nothing about all of this? Shouldn’t USNI be a little more investigative and diligent in writing about the Navy and the Marine Corps acquisitions?

    • Gary Brown

      I as a former Coast Guardsman would like to see a new cutter named TANEY, Because of its WWII stories. In 1959 I was assigned to this cutter and met a sailor that was on the Taney during ww2,and he told me many stories during this period. The Taney and Campbell class cutters are some good history. Just and Idea.

    • El Kabong

      Here we go again, with the anti-F-35 trolls….