Mine or torpedo? For a hundred years, the cause of the explosion that sank USS San Diego (ACR-6) has been a mystery. But now researchers are on an expedition to determine what exactly caused a Navy armored cruiser to sink 100 years ago within eyesight of New York City as the U.S. was entering World War I.
The following is the Oct. 12, 2017 Congressional Research Service report, Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2017. Read More
The following are two contemporary news reports on the sinking of the Lusitania published in Proceedings in 1915. The first is from the European War Notes section in the May-June 1915 issue. The second is from Professional Notes in the Sept.-Oct. 1915 issue. Read More
On the 100th anniversary of its sinking, Lusitania remains the most well-known passenger ship to be lost during World War I. However, it was not the first liner to be sunk when it was torpedoed on May 7, 1915, nor was it the largest. Read More
In a ceremony at the Pentagon on Monday, Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) Adm. Jonathan Greenert and Chief of Navy Reserve Vice Adm. Robin Braun began a year-long celebration of the U.S. Navy Reserve on its centennial. Read More
U.S. Navy enlisted personnel—unlike those in the other services—wear their jobs on their sleeves. A Marine machine-gunner wears similar collar rank as the rest of his fire team; unless you ask him, or see his military occupation in his file, one could never know his job specifics just by looking at his uniform.
Not so in the Navy. Read More
You may send my new camera to me, without the tripod, as I am allowed to use it.” So wrote Frederick Richard Foulkes in a letter home on 17 April 1917, just four days after enlisting in the U.S. Coast Guard. Seaman Foulkes, the son of a Presbyterian minister, very quickly had acquired the nickname “Parson.”
When the United States declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917, the Coast Guard had been transferred from the Treasury Department to the Navy Department. Veteran crews were augmented with fresh recruits; Foulkes was assigned to the cutter Manning . A small warship by today’s standards, she was 205 feet long and displaced 1,155 tons. Commissioned on 8 January 1898, the Manning was a veteran of the Spanish-American War, one of the last class of U.S. revenue cutters rigged for sail, and the first to carry electric generators.
Powered by one steam engine, she could attain 17 knots and boasted two 3-inch gun mounts and two 6-pounder rapid-fire guns. Filled out to a full complement of 8 officers, 4 warrant officers, and 100 crew, the Manning was deployed to Gibraltar. She escorted her first convoy out through the danger zone, some 215 miles, on 19 September 1917.