Chinese Carrier Strike Group Now Operating in East China Sea

May 23, 2022 2:36 PM
Ships from the Chinese Liaoning Carrier Strike Group on May 22, 2022. Japanese MoD Photo

China’s Liaoning Carrier Strike Group is now operating in the East China Sea after conducting drills in the Pacific Ocean and the Philippine Sea for more than two weeks, the Japan Ministry of Defense said over the weekend.

The majority of the group transited the Miyako Strait on Saturday, the Japanese government said in news releases on Friday and Saturday.

The Liaoning CSG includes eight ships, namely carrier CNS Liaoning (16); Type 055 destroyer CNS Nanchang (101); Type 052D destroyers CNS Xining (117), CNS Urumqi (118) and CNS Chengdu (120); Type 052C destroyer CNS Zhengzhou (151), Type 054A frigate CNS Xiangtan (531) and Type 901 fast combat support ship CNS Hulunhu (901).

At 9 a.m. on Friday, a People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) destroyer was sighted traveling northwest, about 110 kilometers northeast of Miyako Island, and subsequently sailed through the Miyako Strait into the East China Sea, the Joint Staff Office in Japan’s Ministry of Defense said in a news release. The JSO included a photo that only identified the ship by its pennant number, which corresponds to Zhengzhou. Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force support ship JS Amakusa (AMS-4303) and a JMSDF P-3C Orion Maritime Patrol Aircraft of Fleet Air Wing 5 based at Naha Airbase, Okinawa conducted surveillance on the PLAN ship, according to the JSO release.

On Saturday, a PLAN frigate was observed sailing northwest, about 170 kilometers east of Miyako Island, the JSO said in a separate news release on Sunday. The pennant number and image given identifies the ship as Xiangtan. Subsequently, at 3 p.m., a destroyer with a pennant number and image identifying it as Nanchang, was seen 180 kilometers east of Miyako Island, sailing west. Then, at 5 p.m., five ships with pennants and images corresponding to carrier Liaoning, destroyers Xining, Urumqi and Chengdu, and fast combat support ship Hulunhu were spotted. All seven ships then sailed together through the Miyako Strait into the East China Sea.

Japanese destroyers JS Asahi (DD-119) and JS Makinami (DD-112) and replenishment ship JS Hamana (AOE-424) sighted the PLAN ships. Suppoer ship JS Amakusa (AMS-4303)and a JMSDF P-3C Orion Maritime Patrol Aircraft of Fleet Air Wing 5 based at Naha Airbase, Okinawa conducted surveillance.

Chinese Liaoning Carrier Strike Group path to the East China Sea on May 22, 2022.

The Liaoning CSG sailed into the Pacific Ocean via the Miyako Strait on May 2 and has been conducting carrier flight operations in the Pacific Ocean and Philippine Sea since May 4. The seven ships accompanying Liaoning did not stay with the carrier throughout that period. Instead, several of the ships broke off and rejoined the carrier periodically while the carrier conducted flight operations, similar to the way United States carrier strike groups operate.

In other developments, on Sunday Japanese destroyer JS Harusame (DD-102) departed from Sasebo for the Gulf of Aden as the 42nd Deployment Surface for Counter Piracy Enforcement. It will relieve destroyer JS Samidare (DD-106), which is currently conducting the counter-piracy mission. Japan has been deploying JMSDF ships and aircraft to the region since 2009 to protect Japanese and foreign commercial ships in the Gulf of Aden.

Meanwhile, in Thailand on Monday the U.S. Navy and Royal Thai Navy (RTN) began the 28th annual Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) exercise, according to a U.S. 7th Fleet news release.

“The Royal Thai Navy considers this exercise very valuable in developing knowledge, competency, and experience for its own personnel,” Vice Adm. Pisal Meesri, the deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Fleet, said in the news release. “I am confident that all participating forces will benefit from the professional sharing, field practice, and sea-phase training.”

The two navies will carry out multiple engagements, including tactics that will hone communications between the two navies.

“The exercise includes maritime domain awareness tracking with a P-8 aimed at increasing both navies’ ability to track and pursue targets beyond visual range, and both navies practiced helicopter cross-deck landings in addition to search and rescue training,” according to 7th Fleet.

Littoral Combat Ship USS Jackson (LCS-6) and a P-8A Poseidon aircraft with Commander, Task Force (CTF) 72 will participate in the at-sea stage of the exercise in both international waters and territorial waters by Sattahip and Ko Samui, 7th Fleet said in the news release.

Assigned to Commander, Task Force (CTF) 72 will join with ships and aircraft from the Royal Thai Navy for training focused on building interoperability and strengthening relationships. Royal Thai Navy frigates HTMS Bangpakong (FFG 456), HTMS Kraburi (FFG 457) and HTMS Naresuan (FFG 421) will participate in the drills.

“Twenty eight years of CARAT Thailand represents the longstanding alliance between the people of Thailand and the United States,” Cmdr. Brian Bungay, the commanding officer of Jackson, said in the release. “We value these opportunities to work with the Royal Thai Navy, promoting regional security cooperation, and strengthening and enhancing our ability to work together while underway.”

Dzirhan Mahadzir

Dzirhan Mahadzir

Dzirhan Mahadzir is a freelance defense journalist and analyst based in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. Among the publications he has written for and currently writes for since 1998 includes Defence Review Asia, Jane’s Defence Weekly, Navy International, International Defence Review, Asian Defence Journal, Defence Helicopter, Asian Military Review and the Asia-Pacific Defence Reporter.

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