Category Archives: Documents

Document: Securing U.S. Diplomatic Facilities and Personnel Abroad

Document: Securing U.S. Diplomatic Facilities and Personnel Abroad

From the Nov. 8, 2013 Congressional Research Service report: Securing U.S. Diplomatic Facilities and Personnel Abroad:

The United States maintains about 285 diplomatic facilities worldwide. Attacks on such facilities, and on U.S. diplomatic personnel, are not infrequent. The deaths of Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three other U.S. personnel in Benghazi, Libya on September 11, 2012, along with attacks on U.S. embassies in Egypt, Sudan, Tunisia, and Yemen, drew renewed attention to the challenges facing U.S. diplomats abroad, as well as to the difficulty in balancing concerns for their security against the outreach required of their mission. Congress plays a key role in shaping the response to these challenges, such as by providing resources for diplomatic security and examining security breaches overseas. Read More

Document: Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans

Document: Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans

From the Nov. 8, 2013 Congressional Research Service report, Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress.

The Navy’s proposed FY2014 budget requests funding for the procurement of 8 new battle force ships (i.e., ships that count against the Navy’s goal for achieving and maintaining a fleet of 306 ships). The 8 ships include two Virginia-class attack submarines, one DDG-51 class Aegis destroyer, four Littoral Combat Ships (LCSs), and one Mobile Landing Platform/Afloat Forward Staging Base (MLP/AFSB) ship. The Navy’s proposed FY2014-FY2018 five-year shipbuilding plan includes a total of 41 ships—the same number as in the Navy’s FY213-FY2017 five-year shipbuilding plan, and one less than the 42 ships that the Navy planned for FY2014-FY2018 under the FY2013 budget submission. Read More

Document: U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments and Issues

Document: U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments and Issues

The following is from the Oct. 22, 2013 Congressional Research Service report: U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues.

Even though the United States plans to reduce the number of warheads deployed on its long- range missiles and bombers, consistent with the terms of the New START Treaty, it also plans to develop new delivery systems for deployment over the next 20-30 years. The 113th Congress will continue to review these programs during the annual authorization and appropriations process. Read More

Document: Appropriations Lapse and the Department of Homeland Security

Document: Appropriations Lapse and the Department of Homeland Security

The following is from Oct. 24, 2013 Congressional Research Service report: FY2014 Appropriations Lapse and the Department of Homeland Security: Impact and Legislation.

Absent legislation providing appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2014, the Department implemented a shutdown furlough on October 1, 2013. Operations of different components were affected to varying degrees by the shutdown. Read More

Document: CRS Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program Report

Document: CRS Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program Report

The following is from the Oct. 22, 2013 report, Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress from the Congressional Research Service.

The Navy’s proposed FY2014 budget requests $1,083.7 million for continued research and development work on the Ohio replacement program (ORP), a program to design and build a new class of 12 ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to replace the Navy’s current force of 14 Ohio- class SSBNs. The Ohio replacement program is also known as the SSBN(X) program. On September 18, 2013, Admiral Jonathan Greenert, the Chief of Naval Operations, testified that the Ohio replacement program “is the top priority program for the Navy.” Read More

Document: CRS on the Security Clearances Process

Document: CRS on the Security Clearances Process

From the Sept. 9, 2013 Congressional Research Service Report: Security Clearance Process: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions.

A security clearance is a determination that an individual—whether a direct federal employee or a private contractor performing work for the government—is eligible for access to classified national security information. A security clearance alone does not grant an individual access to classified materials. Rather, a security clearance means that an individual is eligible for access. In order to gain access to specific classified materials, an individual should also have a demonstrated “need to know” the information contained in the specific classified materials. Read More

Document: CBO Analysis of U.S. Navy 2014 Shipbuilding Plan

Document: CBO Analysis of U.S. Navy 2014 Shipbuilding Plan

From the Congressional Budget Office September, 2013 Analysis of the U.S. Navy’s Fiscal Year 2014 Shipbuilding Plan:
The 2013 and 2014 shipbuilding plans are very similar, but not identical, with respect to the Navy’s total inventory goal (in military parlance, its requirement) for battle force ships, the number and types of ships the Navy would purchase over 30 years, and the proposed funding to implement the plans. Read More